Thursday, December 12, 2019
Health and Safety at Workplace Increasing Industrialization
Question: Describe about the Health and Safety at Workplace for Increasing Industrialization. Answer: Introduction to health and safety at work Increase in industrialization has increase the risk for workers. Health and safety at work are based on law prepared by the organization. A good health and safety system leads to participation, leadership and accountability to business and workers. The main purpose of health and safety at workplace is that the workers and employers should be given highest level of protection. It is mandatory by law of governance to focus on the health of workers. It is recommended to protect the workers and employers against their health and welfare by minimizing the risk at workplace. There should be co-operation between the employers and workplace representation should be fairly maintained for resolution of the issues. Physical and mental state of workers is maintained in the organization. Information should be provided, appropriate training must be given and proper advice should be provided related to health and safety at work. Participation is mandatory for both workers and employees in the training program in order to achieve healthy environment. Workers spend their whole time in the organization so it is important to keep the environment safe. To secure the employees safety measure in adherence to the act with appropriate recommendation is provided. An object is provided for the improvement and to achieve the higher standards of health and safety. Health and safety at workplace is mandatory for all businesses for both small and large scale businesses without levying any cost to the organization. Allowing the staff to work in the way they fit. Employers with the better work balance are likely to work harder and stay with the organization for a longer period of time (Elsler, 2012). Focus on Specific Area The first activity is focus on health and safety at workplace. This activity is the part of an employee health and safety improvement. Programs are organized to achieve a healthy and better life. Workers participation is compulsory and sharing information about health and safety. There are certain rules and regulations framed by the organization which requires adhering to certain duties. Combined rule at workplace for the use of hazardous substance. Government agencies are appointed for designing safety functions. Health and safety at work doesnt apply to someone who is self employed, not an employee of the organization. Health and safety at work sets some general duties towards employers and employees at the work place. The duty of the employers and employees to protect the people from risk which arise out of health and safety, for example: clients and customers. Importance of Research Te key factor in health and safety is that it applies to all who are at work. There are certain exceptions where health and safety doesnt apply. Health and Safety is not just about following the law but being socially responsible as well. Corrective measures taken on health and safety reduce accident and losses. And t also makes good business sense. An organizational workplace must have acceptable standards of behaviour for all employees, how the work is to be carried out which can affect the workers and others which are related to certain duties at the workplace. An organization is a place where work is done in a systematic manner on a particular period of time. Young people might be at risk because they lack experience and judgement and they need better advice and supervision. Theoretical and Practical Significance of the Research Understanding the risk assessment and management used in organization. It needs to perform risk assessment of various occupational health and safety. To monitor the safety rules with international and national standards and highlighting the incident reporting. Actions plans need to be developed. Ethical values are considered n occupational health and safety. The authors have suggested that relation between checking and personality should be explored. There are many factors which influence health care checking procedures and checking performance. Findings Checking is a part of personality and behaviour of every human activity. There are several psychological factors related to patient are safety measures, responsibility which are important to health and safety. Areas that are Missing in Existent Literature, and the Research Aims to Investigate Research has been done that employees should be given training related to safety measures at workplace to avoid any circumstances which will rise out of working environment. It is about the work which can create impact on workers health and the way the health can create impact on them working safely. Health condition may include physical and mental state of a person for their illness. Training programs must be conducted every six months so that every employee will considered them safe in the working environment. . There are certain obligations in the organization are that whosoever creates the risk will manage the risk. Focus on work related health is about the interaction between the employers work and their health is discussed in the training. General to Specific Discussion It has been studied that assessing the risk and to act on the identified risk so that it can be reduced. Workers are provided with the training and information about health and safety. Experienced supervisor must be appointed to look after the workplace. (Regulation 3) Problem Statement According to the research it has been evaluated that training is the main part for employees in an organization. There are limited source of existing data to identify the personnel and employees safety. To identify the hazards and the task which are not in a systematic manner is necessary. To keep a note on the programs which are organized meet the requirements of the employees. Members of the army carrying out operational activities, a person who is not the member of the armed forces but support them to carry out operational activities and any military or navy carrying out operational activities. All types of business and working activities are covered under health and safety work for example relationship between franchisor and franchisee that the policies and procedures are developed to ensure the conformance by both the parties. The main duty is to ensure health and safety which includes: how will the risk occur and what the probability are of risk getting occurred, how difficult the harm might occur from dangerous risk, taking preventive measures to minimize risk and cost of minimizing the risk. Literature Review Health and safety measures should be checked regularly as to make the changes accordingly. Discussion must be done on regular basis with the employees to identify the issues, check the feedback and updating the status of the procedure. Managing safety at workplace starts with three steps. There are four types of duty holders under safety measures. First is the person conducting a business or undertaking (PCBU) which may be in group, individual or organizations. A sole trader can also be a PCBU. The main duty of PCBU is to ensure health and safety which includes: how will the risk occur and what the probability are of risk getting occurred, how difficult the harm might occur from dangerous risk, taking preventive measures to minimize risk and cost of minimizing the risk (Oeij, Nicolescu Elsler, 2012) (2012). Secondly workers have their own health and safety to take care of them. Workers may be employees, managers. Lastly other persons at workplace include visitors they also have their own health and safety at the work place. Overall Trend Discovered after Thorough Literature Review: From the review it was being observed that what the cause of the harm was. Some may be very common to the organization. It is a legal requirement to discuss the safety rules with them as they are the responsible people who are going to do the job and contribute to the organization. There is need to ask them about the tasks if in case they are finding it difficult and listening to their ideas (Hughes Ferrett, 2015). Looking into every task at workplace and finding the cause. All injuries are not immediate but some are developed immediately and some are caused by the objects that are hidden and suddenly they overcome. Going through the past records which my show the problem from where does it has arrived (Pena, Wismar Cook, 2013). Summary of the Articles Reviewed: It has been reviewed that the most vital role played is giving mandatory trainings to employees on health and safety. Providing safe environment is the main priority for productivity. Regular health check-ups must be conducted for the benefit of the employees. Research about the Specific Organization: According to the study it has been identified that centre of ergonomics are the international leaders in research practice of employees for the staff. There are different types of safety measures and training provided to the employees. Main purpose is to cover the objectives and scope which can be explained and descriptive in nature. Following points are covered under the organization: Assess the Risk Once we have done with the hazards we need to overcome with cause of injury or disease. Employers and employees need to supervise regularly about the cause to avoid the rise for other hazardous things (Niebel, 2013). Fix the Problems The primary need is to remove the risk totally. For example the risk involves dangerous chemical so the safer way is to replace the chemical with any other material. If there is no possibility of removing risk totally than new methods should be found out to do the jobs or change the procedure. Talking to the different people of different organization and to see how they have handled the similar problem. In this entire process there must be involvement of employees. These three steps are mandatory for business or organization but they are also mandatory by law as well. Training the Staff Before starting the work the staff needs to be trained properly n an effective manner to work safely. Record must be kept of the staff about who is trained and who is not. Regularly reviews are done of all work practices done by staff. Before any work a photocopied leaflet must be provided to the staffs that describes what exactly is to be done in regards of safety and health. It should be monitored that they have understood. Details of the Gaps: The training programs incur the cost which directly increases the revenue of the organization. But increase in revenue doesnt mean the growth of skills of employees but the level of satisfaction of employees is important. Emergency Situations: This is the main part of safety rule. Instructions are provided to the employees to identify emergency situation, all the relevant information related to emergency and evacuation should be posted at the workplace (Goetsch, 2013). Any serious incident is to be reported immediately. There are emergency contact provided to the employees at time of induction and also they are evacuated at the workplace. Monitoring Health of the Employees Regular health checkups needs to be arranged by the organization for an employee so find out whether the employee is not getting harmed by the hazardous objects due to noise or certain objects. Records are to be maintained of all medical checkups which play important role to improve the safety of the organization. Most of the things discussed are not new and mostly all things are done but the important thing is to get organized. Health and safety is not a separate issue but it is an important part if the organization in managing the business. Giving attention and by providing the resources the desired result is achieved. Avoiding injuries is the important thing and good safety and health can figure out the companys margin. There are certain rules and legal obligations about health and safety which needs to be achieved otherwise the employee may be fined There is great Hazardous example related to Manual Handling. Moving a stock in manufacturing company, carrying parts in the factory or picking the bundle of files, every job in every industry or organization involves manual handling (Taris, 2014). This may lead to employees risk, serious back pains and injuries. This is the major health and safety issue severe back pains and injuries may lead to the loss of work and loss of work may leads to loss of business as well. So this is where the three steps come into existence. First is to make the list of manual handling tasks and exclude all which are likely to cause risk to the workers. Include anything which requires lifting, pulling and carrying. Second is the risk where the list is prepare of manual handling task and rank is given to those by which there is a great harm. After they are ranked than they are put into safety action plan. If these activities are creating a serious loss to the organization then it has to be stopped immediately (Oeij, Nicolescu Elsler, 2012). Manual handling problems vary from one industry to other. Industry may be different and the problems of reducing risk of manual handling also vary. To avoid the risk the amount of manual handling done by employees must be reduced or the workplace needs to be changed which eliminates lifting, carrying or minimize the use of it. Use of trolleys must be done on regular basis as they are safer to use also faster and convenient. Training for safety manual handling Training is provided to the employees to know the correct use of tools and handle the heavy equipments. Posters are attached at the workplace to remind the employees of the proper handling and proper use of tools and machine. All the equipments must be used safely and should be properly maintained and they must me supervised regularly (Conte, 2016). Work stations The workstation where the work is carried out must be clean and tidy to avoid any circumstances. Workstations include desk, chair, computer and telephone. To dispose of the unused data by keeping the desk clean this is also known as clear desk policy. Instructions are already given about how to use the workstation than it is needed to be followed. Employers must be co-operative with all these things. House Keeping The floors of the organization should be clear and clean to avoid slip or fall. Cables should be kept tidy and restricted to prevent them from becoming dangerous. To keep books and files at the height of the waist should try. Heavy materials should not be kept at the height of our level but it should be kept at level of the waist so that it can be easily carried out. Incident Reporting All incidents must be reported as soon as possible to the safety department to avoid reoccurrence, to implement control measures. In case of fire a fire alarm is activated. In case of fire emergency exits are used and all the employees are needed to assemble at the assembly point of the organization for the safety of the employees. Use of elevators is prohibited at the time of fire. Collect the personal belongings only if its manageable and can be done quickly and easily. Emergency evacuation plans are attached on the walls which guides the employees at the time of emergency exit. Fire drills are done in the organization at the specific point of time to help employees the better understanding of it at the time of evacuation. On each floor of the organization there are minimum of two fire wardens which help employees at high time. Safety Checklist To know the legal responsibility of the organization and ensure all the levels including the board receives the health and safety advice. First aid statement must be provided. Incident must be reported. Review and Audit Audit and inspection programme are kept in the organization quarterly to ensure the safety policy followed by the employee. Inspection and audit action plans are prepared. Identify the risk and risk assessment control. Understanding the risk and reading properly before act (Hawkins, 2014). Methodology A Research Study on Safety at Work place The performance of employee is important in organizational success. Organization should conduct training programs to improve employees performance as well as knowledge and skills. According to the policy employees feedback and experience are also important. The study has found an impact on health and safety to find employees performance effective. Method of Data Collection The data is collected on the basis of qualitative and quantitative methods. Qualitative data involves analysis, interviews with employees and the supervisors. The survey is done of the employees about the programs which are carried out. The data has been collected and then it is presented. But the data collected by superiors are in a structured manner. The quantitative data has been obtained from the books, newspapers, research articles, websites and magazines. Participants Involved: The participants involved in research will be the top level managers in a structured interview and in case of survey 20 employees will be included. The participants are necessary to make a review about the organizations policy. It is necessary to know the organizations policy is working according to the regulations of the organization. Sampling Method: The sampling method applied is Stratified sampling Method, as the employees are selected randomly, but on the basis of criteria. The person must be the employee of the particular organization. The employee must be having experience in the particular field. Independent and Dependent Variables: Employee motivation and satisfaction level of the employee is dependent variable, while the training program is independent variable. Instruments of Research Employed: The research will organize interviews with the managers of the organization, and will also conduct a survey on the employees working in the same. Also questionnaire is prepared for the survey. Method Data Analysis: The data collected through questionnaire and the interview will be analyzed by the descriptive method, as this will help in transforming raw data into a form, which in turn will help in easy and quick analysis and interpretation of the collected data. Time Duration of the Research: The interview will be conducted over telephone, and hence the collection of the data derived from the interview can be done in 4weeks, while the reviewing of the questionnaire and the collected data will take around 5weeks. Hence, the time required will be approximately two month. Once the data is analyzed, the final report will be sent to the organization. Potential limitations of the Research: The study is applicable to whole of the organization and industry. The time taken for performing research activity is limited. Effective arrangements are provided to workers for safety rules. Frequent health and safety trainings must be provided at least once in a year. Brainstorming sessions are conducted to avoid stressful situation. Induction is conducted for the workers to make them comfortable about the working environment. Proper training must be given to workers for avoiding accidents. Inspections are done regularly at the work place to ensure the higher level of safety. Conclusion It has been concluded that health and safety measures are given to workers according to the law. Workers are unaware about the safety rules as they lack knowledge in the specific area. Ideas are given to avoid accidents and improve safety measures. Employees should be satisfied with the regulations of the company. Co-ordination between management and the workers should be well maintained to improve safety measures. If a company chooses any procedure then it will help the company to follow the policy. The availability of management in this field is very important. Research Gaps: Most of the articles are reflecting on the importance of training programs which leads to increase in annual revenue of a concerned company. However, the research undertaken will help in the attraction of new employees, while also ensuring high maximum satisfaction of the workforce. Potential users of the Research: The potential users of the research will be the top level authorities so that the organization will be able to improve its training program. The main objective is to look after the health and safety measures of the employees of thee organization. To understand the workers at the workplace is necessary (Elsler, 2012). Identify activity of management who are playing an important role. Suggestions are given to the employees for improving safety in an organization. References Freivalds, A., Niebel, B. (2013).Niebel's Methods, Standards, Work Design. Mcgraw-Hill higher education. Hughes, P., Ferrett, E. 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